Throughout the history of Yangzhou jade, it has a very close relationship with Hetian jade. It is famous for making a piece of treasure with Hetian jade as the main raw material, and is well known both at home and abroad. The person called "Hetian jade, Yangzhou workers" is not false, "buy white jade (product) to Yangzhou" is not for it. In 1996, Yangzhou Jadeware Factory held the â€œYangzhou Jadeware Boutique Exhibitionâ€ to commemorate the 40th anniversary of the founding of the factory. Among the hundreds of fine works exhibited, Xinjiang Hetian jade was dominant. The large number of tons of Qingbai Yushanzi "Han Bai Tu", as small as playing with ornaments, is dizzying. It is a sensation in the country. A piece of sheep fat white jade, weighing more than 100 kilograms, was designed and designed by Chinese art and crafts master Jiang Chunyuan. Its cabbage is folded and folded, vivid and vivid; it is vivid and vivid, giving people a strong vitality. This treasure has been collected by the Ai Tao Art Museum of Jiangsu Province and has become the â€œlonganâ€ in the collection of the museum.
We traced back to the ancient Yangzhou jade, which is now housed in the Qingbaiyu Mountain of the Palace Museum, and other six large jade articles, all of which are taken from Hetian jade, made by Yangzhou:
"Dayu Water Control Map" Yushan
"Dayu Water Control Map" Yushan is a white jade produced in the Milwaukee (Kashgar) Mountains of Xinjiang. It weighs about 10,700 kilograms and is 224 centimeters high. It is the king of the world Hetian jade. According to research, from the mining of jade to the production, sharing more than ten years, of which in Yangzhou for six years, the use of 150,000, costing more than 15,000 silver. This Yushan composition is magnificent, magnificent, and the landscape is picturesque. It is a rare treasure and a symbol of Chinese jade.
"Autumn Mountain Travel Map" Yushan
"Autumn Mountain Travel Map" Yushan, jade material produced in Hetian, after the device is more than a thousand kilograms. Yushan is 130 cm high and 74 cm wide at its widest point. The thickest part is 20 cm, and the labor is 30,000 yuan. The total bill is five years. This piece of jade mountain jade is white, with a yellowish spot in the middle, containing stone, and it is like a crack in ice. The works make full use of the characteristics of jade materials, measuring the art, and drawing out the scenery of the autumn forests, accompanied by hiking trips, so that the characteristics of the jade materials are integrated into one. Has a high value of artistic appreciation. In the thirty-five years of Qianlong (1770 and thirty-nine years (1774), Emperor Qianlong praised poetry twice.
"Huichang Jiu Lao Tu" Yushan
"Huichang Jiu Lao Tu" Yushan, weighing 1648 kg, the seat height is 145 cm. At the widest point of 90 cm, Qianlong fifty-one years (1786) was completed in Yangzhou. The work uses a variety of sculptural techniques, with clear levels and blending of scenes. The first month of the following year. The Qianlong imperial system made a seven-character poem, and ordered the jade to engrave it.
"Dantai Chunxiao", "Yunlong Yuxi", "Hippo"
Yushan's "Dantai Chunxiao", Qingyu "Yunlong Yuxi", "Hippo", etc., the success of these giant jade articles, not only marks the development of Yangzhou jade in the Qing Dynasty, but also reflects the skill and skill of the Qing Dynasty. The status and influence of jade in the history of Chinese jade.
It is conceivable that in the era when the means of transportation was underdeveloped, it was very difficult to transport raw materials from Hetian, Xinjiang to Beijing and then to Yangzhou. According to the Qing Dynasty Li Qianâ€™s "Yu Yuxing" book: "Yu Tianfei to Jingshi, the size of the cart, the length of the shaft is three feet and five feet, and the mountain is covered with mud. The small is the hundred horsepower, the second is More than one hundred and ten, the first in the Jade and the Great Jade, the thousands of hoofs lead the way, the day is five miles and seventy-eight miles, four rounds of the corner of the thousand people to help. In addition, there is also "from the ice and smashed to the capital" description. Such a method of carrying and the degree of difficulty and laborious time-consuming are rare in the history of transportation in the past and present. This is a great contribution to Hetian jade and Hetian people to Chinese jade. Any expert who studies the history of Chinese jade culture cannot ignore the glorious chapter in the history of jade.
Bai Yushanzi "Da Qianfo National Figure"
History has its striking similarities. Today, after more than two hundred years, in the modern Chinese arts and crafts museum, four large-scale works of modern Yangzhou jade are collected. The raw materials are all from Xinjiang, distributed in Xinjiang. Four major jade mines. Bai Yushanzi "Da Qianfo National Figure", the raw material is a piece of heavy 944 kg of Xinjiang Hetian Baiyushan flowing water, called sheep fat white jade. Xinjiang's Hetian Baiyu, such as whiteness, texture, volume and weight, can be said to have never been seen before in history. In 1983, the Ministry of Light Industry of the People's Republic of China issued a document to Yangzhou to produce a rare treasure. In May of that year, after the raw materials were safely transported to Yangzhou, after careful research and repeated scrutiny, they were selected from dozens of manuscript samples, and the final title was â€œDa Qianfo National Mapâ€. Designed by the craftsmen Qian Lei and Cao Maoting, the Chinese arts and crafts master Huang Yongshun led the production. After 8 years, the work was 80 cm high, 80 cm wide and 40 cm wide. Master Liu Haisu wrote the inscription "Da Qianfo National Figure". In 1990, he was awarded the National Quality Treasure Gold Cup Award. He was shipped to Beijing in the same year and is now in the China Arts and Crafts Museum.
Bai Yu "Pagoda Furnace"
Baiyu "Pagoda Furnace", the raw material is the high quality white jade of Xinjiang Yutian, which is pinkish green. The work is 86 centimeters high and the lower part is a stable and thick three-footed furnace. The top is a five-storey pagoda. The layers are hollowed out. Each floor of the tower door and window sash is different. The top of the tower is hung with eight jade chains with 128 thin circles. It is closely connected to the flying raft on the tower, and under the slanting angle is a wind chime, rich in national characteristics. In 1973, the first jade carving quality appraisal meeting was held in Yangzhou. This work was rated as an excellent work. In 1985, it was collected by the state as a treasure of arts and crafts and collected in the China Arts and Crafts Museum.
Yushan "Juzhen Map"
One is the Jade Mountain "Juzhen Map" carved with Xinjiang Manas Biyu, 120 cm high and 87 cm wide. Weighing 1,500 pounds, the works combine the Leshan Giant Buddha of the Tang Dynasty in China, the Dazu Buddha, the Yungang Grottoes of Shanxi in the Northern Wei Dynasty and the Longmen Giant Buddha of Luoyang on a piece of jade. Mr. Zhao Puchu's inscription "Miaoju Heshan". In 1986, this work was awarded the National Quality Treasure Gold Cup Award. It was collected in the same year and is now in the China Arts and Crafts Museum.
White Jade "Five Towers"
Baiyu "Five Towers", the raw materials are taken from Xinjiang and the end, the height is 140 cm, the width is 130 cm, one tower is the main, the five towers are connected, reflecting each other, echoing the body. There are many lines and no chaos, and the patterns are complicated and not broken. Seeing exquisiteness in the thick and thick, seeing the roundness in the Jianjian, it can be described as grand and magnificent. The work was collected by the state as a treasure of arts and crafts in 1986 and was collected in the Chinese Arts and Crafts Museum.
Tracing back to the source, the indissoluble bond between Yangzhou jade and Hetian jade is the development history of Chinese jade. Especially in the contemporary era, this kind of friendship and exchanges have become more frequent, which has promoted the economic activity of the two places and the advancement of the Chinese jade industry. Especially worthy of a book is: In the 1980s, the State Council listed Yangzhou and Hetian as sisters of economic cooperation. Under the concern of the leaders of the two places, Yangzhou Jade Factory and Hetian District Arts and Crafts Co., Ltd. established "Hetian". - Yangzhou jade carving joint venture factory (now the predecessor of Hetian jade carving factory). Under the attention of all parties, the operation of the factory is very good. In 1990, General Secretary Jiang Zemin personally inspected the factory and highly praised the contribution made by Yangzhou people to Hetian to set up factories to promote the development of local specialty industries in Hotan. Well, he was pleased to inscribe the factory and leave a permanent memorial. This is the pride of Yangzhou people and the glory of Hetian people.
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